In addition, she will also be tried for child abuse and kidnapping with serious illegal detention, officials said. She was caught by airline personnel, according to a press release.
Planes are parked at the Ninoy Aquino International Airport on August 5, 2010.
Photos and videos have emerged showing Jennifer Talbot at the airport.
Upon entering a security check, the 6-day-old child was discovered hidden in a sling bag, authorities said.
"She did not have any travel documents for the infant", the spokesman said.
Delta Airlines coordinated with the bureau after the child was found inside the passenger's bag.
Authorities have indicated that the baby appeared to be Filipino, and did not belong to Talbot.
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"There was really intention to hide and sneak out the baby", Dimaano told reporters.
"We assume that she was holding the child when she came to the airport so that the child wouldn't be detected by the X-ray screeners", said Medina, according to state-run news agency PNA. The boy has been placed in the custody of social services. He said investigators will try to determine how Talbot brought the baby out of Davao, which requires a city clearance for infants to be transported by a foreigner.
Officials said Talbot had no official docuentation for the baby.
Officials said no government travel approval had been issued for the baby, prompting them to file human trafficking charges against Talbot. She was presented for inquest proceedings before the Office of the Prosecutor of Pasay City. Both remain at large.
Talbot reportedly claimed to be the child's aunt.
The infant is a boy.
The baby's biological mother was listed as Maricris Dulap, 19. The father is not known.
Clad in an orange detainee shirt and in handcuffs, Talbot, 43, was presented to reporters in Manila on Thursday. When reporters asked her to comment, Talbot shook her head.
She could face life imprisonment. Records also showed that Talbot had family in Ohio.