The new guidelines authorize authorities to use expedited removal on illegal immigrants who have been in the USA for more than two weeks but less than two years.
-Grace Meng, Human Rights WatchUnder the new policy, set to take effect Tuesday, Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) will have the authority to determine that an immigrant can be deported if he or she has been anywhere in the USA for less than two years. He said under the plan, "immigrants who have lived here for years would be deported with less due process than people get in traffic court". Previously, immigrants who fell into two categories were subject to expedited deportation: border-crossing migrants who authorities encountered within 100 miles of either border who had been in the US for less than two weeks, and undocumented immigrants anywhere in country who came by sea and lived in the USA for less than two years.
Under the previous policy, immigration officials were permitted to implement the expedited removal process for unauthorized immigrants that entered the United States by sea for up to two years after arrival.
The expansion of the policy represents a "massive and unsafe change" for immigrant communities, one critic said.
"Expanding expedited removal in this manner will create a "show me your papers" regime of immigration enforcement", tweeted the group.
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The messages also included a joke about those who died during hurricane Maria, which devastated the island in September 2017. Ricky Martin and Lin-Manuel Miranda have joined the cause as tens of thousands are expected to take the streets on Monday.
The move aggressively expands a process known as "expedited removal" - quick deportations that generally aren't subject to judicial review.
Previously, only people detained within 100 miles (160km) of the border who had been in the U.S. for less than two weeks could be deported quickly. So that 100-mile limit would go away under this new system. "The plan is unlawful". The most notable instances of these policies in action are the recent nationwide raids on suspected illegal immigrants and the ongoing crisis caused by the separation of migrant families as a political tool to deter migration from Central and South America. Almost 950,000 cases are now pending in US immigration courts, with an average wait time of 713 days, or just under two years, according to Syracuse University's Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse. Neither threat materialized, but human rights advocates said Monday that the new policy is the administration's latest way of intimidating immigrant communities.
With this new policy, she fears, apart from asylum seekers and undocumented immigrants with long ties to the country, even people with legal status may be affected.
The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), which has filed suit to block numerous Trump administration immigration policies in court, vowed to sue.
Additionally, DHS stated part of the goal for the policy revision is to "harmonize" existing regulations to apply equally to undocumented immigrants who arrive by land and sea.
The fast-track deportations can apply to anyone in the country illegally for less than two years.