Zarif recalled that the U.S. re-imposing of unilateral sanctions against Iran was already a violation of Security Council Resolution 22-31.
The language of the United Nations resolution "calls on" rather than "forbids" Iran from testing its missiles, according to Trita Parsi, the president of the National Iranian American Council.
"We have been warning the world for some time that we are accumulating risk of a regional conflict if we do not deter Iran's missile testing and proliferation", he said.
For its part, Iran said Sunday it would continue missile tests to build up its defences and denied it was in breach of United Nations resolutions.
Refuting Iranian claims that its illicit missile tests are defensive in nature, Trump administration Iran envoy Brian Hook vowed tough reprisals for Iran's most recent missile tests, which are among the most provocative in recent memory. "Trump came in, ripped it up and now we are seeing more missile tests, we're seeing escalation and we are seeing a drift towards war". "This is outside the framework of [nuclear] negotiations and part of our national security, for which we will not ask any country's permission", Shekarchi said.
"One of our most important programs is increasing the range of missiles and ammunition", Brigadier General Aziz Nasirzadeh told the state-linked Fars news agency in comments reported by Reuters.
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Those US sanctions have targeted Iran's critical oil sector, as well as several major Iranian banks and other industries.
On Tuesday, the head of Iran's atomic energy organisation warned the European Union that Tehran's patience was running out on the bloc's pledge to keep up oil trading despite USA sanctions.
The remarks from Paris and London will be seen by the USA government as the first sign that its key European partners may yet be persuaded to view Iran's broader behaviour as so unsafe that their support for the 2015 Iran nuclear deal can no longer be justified.
Hook said "progress" was being made on getting North Atlantic Treaty Organisation allies to consider a proposal to target individuals and entities that play key roles in Iran's missile programme.
The U.S. has said it is seeking to curb the Islamic Republic's influence in the region and its missile program, which Iran says is needed for self-defense.
Netanyahu made an unexpected trip to Brussels on Monday afternoon to meet with Pompeo. The European parties to the nuclear deal have refused to pull out and said they would seek ways to continue trade with Iran. The UN resolution cited by Pompeo is the nuclear deal the Trump administration withdrew from earlier this year, Parsi added.
Nevertheless, referring to the recent test, U.S. National Security Adviser John Bolton wrote on Twitter on Saturday, "This provocative behavior can not be tolerated".
"We have a legal and religious duty to reduce the income pressure on the people".