Liu, who joined Sichuan Airlines after leaving the military in 2006, was able to right the plane quickly and made an emergency landing at Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport at 7:46, about 45 minutes after the windshield blew out.
The co-pilot and one cabin crew member suffered minor injuries in the incident, but no passengers were harmed.
The windshield separation caused rapid cabin decompression damaging cockpit avionics and injuring one of the pilot possibly the first officer. "The next thing I know, my co-pilot had been sucked halfway out of the window", he was quoted as saying.
Despite these difficulties, the pilot - who was hailed as a hero on social media - managed to slow the aircraft from its original speed of about 800-900 kph and land in about 20 minutes after the plane was damaged.
A separate report said the aircraft had accumulated 19,912 flight hours since entering service at Sichuan Airlines in July 2011.
The Sichuan Airlines aircraft was flying from Chongqing to Lhasa on Monday morning when the incident happened.
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A policeman stands guard in front of a China Southern Airlines plane as the plane of USA first lady Michelle Obama departs from Chengdu airport, Sichuan province, March 26, 2014. Chuanjian carried out a successful emergency landing in Chengdu, a city in southwest China.
"The windshield cracked suddenly and gave a huge bang", he told the Red Star News.
A Chinese pilot was almost sucked out of a plane with 119 passengers aboard when one of the cockpit windows fell out mid-flight.
Monday's accident comes less than a month after a woman was killed in the Southwest Airline's plane engine explosion, which caused one of the passengers to be partially sucked out of the porthole.
Twenty-seven passengers received medical checkups in a hospital in Chengdu, but no injuries were detected. He added that all of the oxygen masks dropped out. He says he felt the cold air and saw how the cockpit door opened. "The flight was shaking so hard I could not read the gauges", he said. The plane went from 32,000 feet to 24,000 feet, according to flying data.
In a separate incident in the United States same month, a mother was killed after a jet engine of Southwest airlines exploded during a flight.