Following the first two rockets, Israel responded with airstrikes on two Hamas military facilities in the Gaza Strip.
The Palestinians were blindsided by Trump's move to depart from decades of USA policy on Jerusalem and upend longstanding global assurances that the fate of the city would be determined in negotiations.
Israel maintains that all of Jerusalem is its capital while Palestinians want East Jerusalem as the capital of a future independent state. "I will do everything in my power to support the Israeli and Palestinian leaders to return to meaningful negotiations".
"The Palestinians also see Jerusalem as a very holy place - this is not their capital".
And then there were a few thousand Palestinians who demonstrated throughout the West Bank and Gaza. On Thursday, the Israeli military began reinforcing troops in the West Bank.
In Beirut, several hundred Palestinian refugees staged a protest in the narrow streets of the Bourj al-Barajneh camp, some of them chanting "Trump, you are mad".
Palestinian officials said dozens of protesters were slightly wounded, most from tear gas inhalation.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, who hailed Trump's announcement as a "historic landmark", said on Thursday many countries would follow the US move and contacts were underway.
However, a White House official said Pence still plans to meet with Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas as scheduled and said it would be "counterproductive" to cancel.
"[The] U.S. always was a middle man between the two parties". Frequently Israel has imposed age restrictions to the site, when it has expected clashes.
Rohingya crisis reflects vulnerability of human rights
This will be the first formal gathering of federal, provincial and territorial ministers on the topic of human rights since 1988. The day that the Charter of Human Rights was adopted in 1948 - December 10, was declared World Human Rights Day.
A new peace-talks broker?
So far, China has made clear its determination to play a more important role in the Middle East. Trump's latest decision seemed to have provided China a good chance to realize this goal. However, the sharpest escalation has been in the Gaza Strip. There were no reports of casualties on either side. Israel sees the whole of Jerusalem as its capital.
Violence has erupted after US President Donald Trump's move to recognise Jerusalem as Israel's capital.
Still, the decision was met with criticism and concern across the globe as world leaders anxious that Trump's move could erode the chances of a peace deal and spark fresh violence in the region. Mr Trump can say what no other president could: That the world, including pro-Israel American Jews, will believe him if he says Mr Netanyahu is the problem and that he should no longer be prime minister.
Ali Nassereddine, a chef from the Shia suburb of Dahiyeh in south Beirut, claimed Trump's announcement had likely been coordinated with the Saudis and other allies, including the UAE. And it will hearten right-wingers in the U.S. and Israel whose endgame is actually to avoid a two-state solution.
The "uprising" of Palestinians shows that "Palestinian people are ready to redeem Jerusalem with their blood, and their families will not surrender in their confrontation with the occupation". "Fortunately, there was a positive response from all the countries in the world", Abbas said.
A UN Security Council resolution over Trump's decision would also be sought, he said.
U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson on Friday wrapped up a five-day three-nation Europe visit which, experts said, was unlikely to heal the expanding trans-Atlantic rifts on the relevant regional and global issues. The controversial announcement, a major pre-election plank, has predictably attracted widespread global opposition, both from USA allies and leaders of the Arab world.
Rosenfeld said the police had stepped up their forces in the city.
Other major protests were also held across Turkey as rallies in capital Ankara and southeastern Diyarbakır province brought thousands of protesters together after the Friday prayers.