According to reports, the Trump administration hopes that the threat of renewed sanctions will induce Iran to agree to new restrictions on the missile program.
Iranian officials and the visiting Chief of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Yukiya Amano on Sunday called for commitment of all the parties to Iran's 2015 international nuclear deal. Amano also added that the JCPOA is a "significant gain for verification".
Iranian President Hassan Rouhani on Sunday said Iran will continue to develop ballistic missiles despite United States criticism of its program, insisting the weapons are defensive and do not violate worldwide agreements.
Speaking from the White House on October 13, Trump said he will choose not to certify that Tehran is complying with the agreement.
In a press conference with Salehi on Sunday, Amano again insisted that Tehran is living up to its commitments under the deal.
"We should not allow the (JCPOA), as an important achievement, to be undermined, and we must consolidate this important worldwide commitment with full cooperation", the Iranian president added.
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"The administration of a country that abandons worldwide commitments of the previous administration is not reliable", the Iranian leader said.
"You are disregarding past negotiations and agreements approved by the UN Security Council and expect others to negotiate with you", he said.
Signed by Iran, Germany, Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States, the landmark accord saw economic sanctions on Iran lifted in exchange for Tehran curbing its nuclear activities.
Amano gave a ringing endorsement to Iran's compliance with the deal during his meeting with Iranian President Hassan Rouhani, Vice President Ali Akbar Salehi and Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif.
In a speech to Parliament, he said, "We will build, produce and store any weapon of any kind we need to defend ourselves, our territorial integrity and our nation, and we will not hesitate about it".