Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi has congratulated Justice Misra on taking oath as the new chief justice.
He has succeeded Chief Justice Jagdish Singh Khehar who demitted office earlier on Monday.
According to reports, Justice Misra was nominated last month by CJI Khehar for the top judicial post. A scholar and erudite judge, he is proficient in Sanskrit, ancient history and literature and this is reflected in his anecdotes as an interlude during the course of hearing of sensitive cases. He became a permanent Judge by the end of 1997. Justice Misra, along with Justice P C Pant, had in May, declined to de-criminalise defamation - an offence punishable with two years in jail apart from fine - saying the right to free speech cannot mean that a citizen can defame anybody. He was the chief justice of the Patna High Court and the Delhi high court before being elevated to the apex court in October 2011.
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He was also part of the bench that upheld the death sentence given to the convicts in the December 16, 2012 gangrape case.
In 1996 he was appointed as an addition judge in Orissa High Court and was moved to Madhya Pradesh a year later. He also ordered that patrons should stand up in respect and "committed patriotism and nationalism" when National Anthem and also National Flag are featured in the theatres.
In 2015, he led the bench to solve the issue of ban on dance bars under the Maharashtra Police Act and said there are other ways to ban on dance performers to ensure the safety of women. Studied in an Oriya-medium school despite, he has shown interest, emphasised on and became the master in English.