Alongside Dhawan, the other openers in the squad for India's test tour in Sri Lanka include KL Rahul and Abhinav Mukund.
BCCI's All-India Senior Selection Committee made an announcement on Monday, stating that Vijay injured himself during a practice match.
Vijay had missed only one Test - against Australia in Bengaluru - out of India's long home season of 13 and later revealed he had been playing with a fractured wrist. Vijay complained of pain in his right wrist while playing a preparatory match and the BCCI medical team has advised him to continue his rehabilitation programme. The 33-year-old suffered an injury during the four-match test series against Australia in India which India won.
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Dhawan, who is a regular in the Indian ODI side, has played 23 Tests and averages 38.52. Dhawan cracked 338 runs from five matches with the help of one century and two fifties at the elite tournament.
Dhawan, who has been in good form in limited-overs, was initially ignored for the Test series. The will be India's first full series in eight years in Sri Lanka, involving all three formats of the game. Star batsman Rohit Sharma and pacer Mohammad Shami were re-called for the Sri Lanka tour scheduled to be held from July 26 to September 6. The three Test matches will be played at Galle, Colombo and Kandy, respectively. The Virat Kohli-led Team India departs for a full-fledged tour consisting three Tests, five ODIs and a one-off T20 global on July 19.