Here are the details.
The calls to boost apprenticeship come after the White House proposed slashing the DOL's budget by 20 percent. To offer apprenticeships, companies now have to register with the Labor Department and adhere to specific government guidelines. At the end of the program, the apprentice receives a certification. But some Democrats and Obama administration DOL officials criticized the order for ceding too much control to companies without the traditional degree of government oversight.
"So I do welcome a streamlining of the approach to getting companies to adopt apprenticeship", said Lerman, who spoke before text of the EO was released.
"We're training people to have great jobs and high paying jobs", Trump said during a ceremony at the White House before signing the order.
"With today's executive order", she said in a statement, "we will have even more opportunities to help employees in the hospitality industry move up the ladder for fulfilling and rewarding careers". That's only about 0.3% of the total United States labor force, which according to a 2014 report, is much less than the share apprentices make up of the labor forces of, for example, Canada (2.2%), Britain (2.7%), Australia, and Germany (3.7% each). Ivanka Trump makes the case that companies like "IBM, Amazon and Dow Chemical" are working with schools to train our future workforce with skills that will help them get excellent jobs. They are paid for their work, but at a lower rate to reflect the fact that they are still in training.
Advocates often point to Germany, home to the world's most well-developed apprenticeship system, as a model. Instead, they could be overseen by third parties like companies, unions, and industry groups.
"Scaling is the big issue", said Robert Lerman, a fellow at the Urban Institute.
We need more programs like this in more industries to have the positive impact we need to grow our domestic workforce and ensure our children and grandchildren are truly prepared for the job market.
"For all of us, I think one of the great pieces of news is that our country is going back to work", Walker said. "There's a belief that parents won't accept it".
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The PTO denied the trademark citing the Lanham Act , a 71-year-old law that, in part, prohibits trademark protection for offensive names.
Expanding the use of federal student aid beyond that legal definition "would be a major shift in how the program operates, and would need Congressional action", McCarthy wrote in an email.
Not according to his budget.
"The Secretary of Education shall, consistent with applicable law, support the efforts of community colleges and 2 year and 4 year institutions of higher education to incorporate apprenticeship programs into their courses of study", the executive order stated.
Then what does Thursday's executive order do?
Trump said he will remove federal restrictions that have prevented industries from creating apprenticeship programmes.
Federally funded apprenticeship programs now have to receive certification from the Labor Department and the executive order allows companies to essentially monitor themselves.
Depends who you ask. There also are questions about oversight of apprenticeship programs that begin and operate nearly completely under the control of the company. The current system restricts eligibility.
Lerman says reducing the requirements for registered programs might make a difference in the number of employers who adopt them.
The idea is popular in Europe but has been slow to catch on in the United States, partly because businesses balk at the cost and some students feel that career training carries a second-class stigma.