The newly elected members will assume their responsibility on January 1, 2018 and will serve through to December 31, 2019.
Oil-rich Equatorial Guinea and world's biggest cocoa producer, Ivory Coast, were the two African countries that on Friday won non-permanent seats on the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) for the period 2018/2019.
The results of the vote, the security Council is côte d'ivoire, Kuwait, Poland, Peru and Equatorial Guinea. Five countries are elected every year by secret ballot.
Human Rights Watch said it had concerns over Equatorial Guinea's role at the council, even if the body is overwhelmingly dominated by the five permanent members.
The council is made up of 10 elected members, five voted on each year and five permanent veto-powers: the United States, Britain, France, China and Russian Federation.
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Italy, which is now a non-permanent member of the Council, agreed to split the 2017-2018 term with the Netherlands.
According to the rules, the Security Council non-permanent seats should be distributed as five from African and Asian states; one from Eastern European states; two from Latin American states and two from Western European and other states.
Human rights activists, however, said this was a "serious problem".
The newly-elected members will replace the retiring members of Egypt, Japan, Senegal, Ukraine and Uruguay.
Charbonneau also urged United Nations member states to make Security Council elections more competitive so the General Assembly is able "to choose whether or not they trust a country like Equatorial Guinea with the maintenance of worldwide peace and security".