There are four bills proposed in the U.S. related to H-1B reforms, six related to outsourcing and three that deal with immigration.
"We have no problem with measures to protect American workers, but they should be made applicable to all firms applying for short-term skilled visas, including H-1B", it reiterated. Under the current system, applications are then randomly selected in a lottery system.
Officials from the Department of Justice warned in April that they will "not tolerate employers misusing the H-1B visa process to discriminate against US workers".
Restrictions and caps: The H-1B program allows 65,000 non-immigrant workers with at least a bachelor's degree to work in a related field in the U.S. In addition, there are 20,000 visas available for those with a U.S. master's degree or who plan on working for a nonprofit, nongovernmental organization or institution of higher learning.
The officials said the commerce secretary will review how to close loopholes in enforcing the existing rules and provide recommendations to the president. This year, 199,000 applications were received. It orders the Department of Labor, Department of Justice, Department of Homeland Security and State Department to review the visa waiver system and investigate cases of abuse.
"Although released with ceremonial flair, the order will have no immediate impact on H-1Bs", Betsy Lawrence, the director of government relations for the American Immigration Lawyers Association, told CNNTech.
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The ban is also expected to levy a blow to the tech industry, as many foreign nationals immigrate on the H-1B visa.
About 85,000 H-1B visas are distributed annually by lottery. Proponents of the program contend that foreign workers with in-demand skills are needed to fill a skills gap in the U.S. "Unless the USA government is satisfied that the applicants are highly-qualified and the U.S. companies can not find alternatives for then, it will be hard to get visas".
This proposal aligns with Trump's H-1B rhetoric. "Senior Australian officials have conveyed to us that the impact of the changes will be negligible on Indian workers, most of whom fall in high skill category", the spokesperson explained.
Critics say the programme has been hijacked by staffing companies that use the visas to import foreigners who will work for less than Americans. Also, he has recently reversed several populist promises, including standing up to China, which he contended was manipulating its currency and stealing American jobs, and eliminating the Export-Import Bank, which he billed as wasteful subsidy.
Presently, the USA government uses a lottery to award 65,000 visas every year and randomly distributes another 20,000 to graduate student workers.
President Donald Trump has changed the rules at the White House by refusing to allow the list of his visitors to be made public.
Unlike the draft executive order leaked in January, the order signed Tuesday did not set out deadlines, although it did ask for proposals "as soon as practicable".