Rollins, who took Olympic gold in the 100-meter hurdles a year ago at Rio 2016, passed 16 drugs tests in 2016, though has received the minimum suspension that is required after what is known as three whereabout failures.
Usada says her results from 27 September - the date of her third whereabouts failure - will be disqualified, meaning the world champion will be allowed to keep the Olympic medal she won in August.
USADA said in a statement that the 25-year-old athlete, who led a USA podium sweep of the 100m hurdles at the Rio Games, received three "whereabouts failures" over the course of 12 months, which constitutes a doping rule violation.
The U.S. Anti-Doping Agency said Rollins was not available for testing three times a year ago, which constitutes an anti-doping violation.
One of Sally Pearson's main 100m hurdles rivals will not race her at the world championships after Olympic champion Brianna Rollins' 12-month ban for missing drugs tests.
In a statement released on Thursday, her attorneys said the computer program mix-up caused the ban as it listed her location on certain dates as both her home and a track meet where she was competing.
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Her ban began on December 19 previous year, the date she was notified of a potential rule violation. This is a very unpleasant experience, but I am able to see where errors were made.
The panel acknowledged that the failures "were when she was travelling to have a parade in her honour in her home town in Florida and to celebrate 'Brianna Rollins Day, ' and when she went to visit the White House "to be feted by the President".
Under the Whereabouts system, every athlete must give anti-doping officials their location for one hour each day, for out of competition testing.
The panel said: "This is a first offence, she had been frequently tested for years, and she has a flawless drug-free record, both in and out-of-competition".
It said Rollins, who also won world indoor silver a year ago, showed "no evidence of avoiding testing, masking drug use, or using drugs". "She shows no evidence of avoiding testing, masking drug use, or using drugs". Understanding this will prevent any similar issues in the future, I will accept the sanction and work to prepare myself for my return in 2018. The NGB left her on her own.
"It is with my deepest regrets that I will have to miss the 2017 outdoor season", Rollins said in a statement. "Only after the third Incident, when it was too late, did they help her fashion her response".